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best practices and principles in application development and maintenance

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Principles that govern the architecture process, affecting the development, maintenance, and use of the enterprise architecture ... referenced from credible sources along with associated best practices presently in use. How do you train all the team members? There are certain projected developments which give hope for the future ᾢ though not in the short term. A Separate Department for Planners: Planners are organized into a separate department from the … The best practices so identified such as training the trainer, process oriented systematic approach, developing a test strategy and involving end users during execution can be adopted in other organizations as well. Additionally, some ex ante vendor-, client-, and project-related characteristics known at the time of choosing the contract continue to significantly influence project profits after controlling for contract choice. researchers to investigate the optimal mix of defect detection Understanding Risk in IT Outsourcing: A Fuzzy Framework, The Systems Development Dilemma - A Programming Perspective, From Application Outsourcing to Infrastructure Management:: Extending the Offshore Outsourcing Service Portfolio, Emerald Journal of Emerging Markets Case Staudies, Design, implementation, and case study of a function level unit test environment, Studying the effects of code inspection and structural testing on software quality. The project managers revise the plans, and schedules, as more information is available. 5. Some failures are the result of … 2. This section deals with findings from each organization and analysis section will dal. The objective of project management is to provide a framework in which all types of enterprise resource planning (ERP) application projects can be planned, estimated, controlled, and completed in a consistent manner. Phase planning Monitoring and Maintenance. Anypoint Platform, including CloudHub™ and Mule ESB™, is built on proven open-source software for fast and reliable on-premises and cloud integration without vendor lock-in. of older, well The Lean model for software development is inspired by lean manufacturing practices and principles. All content in this area was uploaded by Sanjay Mohapatra on Jul 24, 2014, Best practices in software maintenance projects, (Prof. Sanjay Mohapatra, Xavier Institute of Management), project, many such projects are being outsourced to low cost development countries like, their own issues and challenges such as poor domain knowledge, lack. Ph.D Dissertation, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, Scotland. software development project. generally been refined to the point where little wasted time remains to Critical risks in outsourced IT projects: the intractable and the unforeseen. value of such testing to the overall software quality. The dynamics of enhancing or adapting a product to address evolving Project planning innovative strategies are sought. A fuzzy inference engine which embeds human expert knowledge expressed through natural language gives a superior capability to this approach. What is an enterprise architect and what do they do? 5. In this study we explore the predictive ability of the evolutionary computation and hybridized evolutionary computation techniques for defect prediction. MuleSoft provides a widely used integration platform for connecting applications, data, and devices in the cloud and on-premises. However, the area as been given little attention in the literature. Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. there exist numerous resources on the technical development of a model, I have found fewer resources on the meta‐development of the model: that is, the ways and means of actually creating a model that are best suited for lasting success and easier maintenance. product components and the risk associated with it. many approaches and solutions have been offered to address the mismatch of expectations from customer and service provider. A number of API development best practices have been created in order to facilitate the development of the most valuable and consumable APIs. were missed by inspection and vice versa. time, while maintaining ever increasing standards of quality, has caused Resource management It also showed that human knowledge embedded as intelligence could effectively map and quantify sources of risk into different categories. Application Principles Principle 15: Technology Independence Statement: This paper talks about decision parameters for outsourcing maintenance projects. Maintenance and enhancement of application software consume a major portion of the total life cycle cost of a system. North America to provide business, technical and strategic support to our clients, international exposure and understanding of the business environment in North America, operations, higher scalability, fast-changing, processes. Through the exchange of data gathered in benchmarking surveys, members will be able to benefit from the experience of many companies. effects of code inspection and structural testing on software quality. activities that are done at offshore and onsite. In the meantime IS management must use other approaches, approaches that are available today, but that have been adopted very slowly. To reduce the cost of maintaining software projects, ... To find a solution to these problems, an approach has been developed to successfully address these issues and challenges. They are designed to be consumed by specific audiences (e.g., mobile developers), they are well-documented, and they are versioned so users can have certain expectations of the API maintenance and lifecycle. 4. APIs developed with software development lifecycle methodologies in mind connect to any application or source of data and possess a powerful set of capabilities to process and compose the data. Following a detects different defects, that is, defects of a particular class, that which may have a debilitating effect on the, Removal of defects is the key in ensuring long-term error free operation of a software system. Legacy software acquisition and development practices in the DoD do not provide the agility to deploy new software “at the speed of operations”. Table 2 shows the questionnaire that was used for collecting data. at technical actions to address explicit product and process weaknesses We further compare the evolutionary computation techniques using the Friedman ranking. There are two main ones: agile and waterfall. Rough estimates of the total systems and programming resources consumed range as high as 75-80 percent in each category. This was done to understand the nature o. Qualitative analysis was used to prepare the solution framework. The documentation types that the team produces and its scope depending on the software development approach that was chosen. provide a holistic framework for solutions. related maintenance activities have been well rewarded by the customers. testing techniques, such as boundary value analysis, to achieve a better In order to compose quality code, developers need to test the software regularly. The APIs that have the most value and use for the enterprise are more like products than code. Need to try to reduce the number of connections between different classes (aka coupling) Related classes should be in the same module/package/directory (aka cohesion) By following this principle, the application becomes more flexible, understandable and maintainable. satisfaction and repeat business from the same customer, and figure out the best place at a high level for the bug fi, chances of future rework, setting the correct expectation from the customer. Our analysis suggests that contract choice significantly determines project profit. API development best practices enable the full API lifecycle from design, build, test, through to deployment. Some of the best practices your maintenance planners should use include: • Basing decisions on data • Prioritizing tasks with reliability in mind • Making sure materials are available • Getting out of the office • Striving for continuous improvement entire process challenging. underlying problems, few offer methods which directly affect a team's DevOps is not just between development and operations, but in fact can be practiced between any two organizational structures which need to improve how they interact with one other. MuleSoft's Anypoint Platform™ is a unified, single solution for iPaaS and full lifecycle API management. experience based report at j & b software”, Indore Management Institute Journal, Disha. The main challenges in software maintenance projects are: projects within the organization keeps the attrition low. To find solution to these issues, the research conducted study in CMM level 5 organizations and based on case studies, developed an approach for addressing these issues and challenges successfully. Estimate the Job Based on Planner Expertise. In addition, security is often an afterthought, not built in from the beginning of the lifecycle of the application and underlying infrastructure. Control and reporting Managing the maintenance of ported, outsourced, and legacy software via orthogonal defect classifica... On the applicability of evolutionary computation for software defect prediction. Connect any app, data, or device — in the cloud, on-premises, or hybrid, See why Gartner named MuleSoft as a Leader again in both Full Life Cycle API Management and eiPaaS, How to build a digital platform to lead in the API economy, Get hands-on experience using Anypoint Platform to build APIs and integrations, Hear actionable strategies for today’s digital imperative from top CIOs, Get insightful conversations curated for your business and hear from inspiring trailblazers. The sources of risk in IT outsourcing were extracted based on industry survey and prior research. project cycle is sub-divided into vertical segments, called "slices" wherein each slice is a. modular so that each slice can be developed independent of other. To cover the latter, an extensive set of 104 references is provided. This article discusses one viable approach ᾢ the use of automated programmer productivity tools. A case study summarizes the results which API development best practices enable the full API lifecycle from design, build, test, through to deployment. Much goes on here that does not currently meet the eye. best management practices: an overview 6 using this document 7 best management practices 1. development & maintenance of a knowledge base 8 2. site assessment 10 3. development of a management plan 13 4. turfgrass selection 18 5. establishment, renovation & repair 22 6. irrigation and water management 42 7. Not all failures can be prevented by maintenance. The paper describes a method to Below are some of the best practices for 2020, that a quality assurance tester should apply: 1. The web application development best practices discussed here can be applied to any Software-as-a-Service (SaaS) model. One of the more robust areas of best practice developments is in the software industry. and test into a more efficient development model. In this paper, we convey the results from case-based research into three firms. traditional class room training approach. Many computer programs remain in use for long periods of time, so any rules need to facilitate both initial development and subsequent maintenance and enhancement by people other than the original authors. defect coverage. on time and on budget. Project management also formalizes control mechanisms to help the project team share critical project information and coordinate with external stakeholders. evolution during maintenance life cycle as well as helps in managing larger projects. All rights reserved. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Given the importance and value that APIs represent for numerous businesses, it’s important to consider API development best practices when designing and building APIs. IT leaders tell all on making digital transformation work. What was the experience of team members in software technology? period of time (and several generations) are just two of the factors DevOps Principles and Practices By Bob Aiello. Please rate as 1 if. Wesley Publishing, Reading, Massachusetts. Facility Management: Three Best Practices Preventive maintenance, analytics, and a proactive infrastructure are key to an effective facilities management approach. An organisation’s functional strategy and outsourcing strategy need to be fully aligned to, organisations need to drive innovation, enable growt. Project scheduling involves the creation. Using data collected on 93 offshore projects from a leading Indian software vendor, we provide evidence that specific vendor-, client-, and project-related characteristics such as requirement uncertainty, project team size, and resource shortage significantly explain contract choice in these projects. it might be more valuable to apply inspection, together with other A better way to manage application development and maintenance work 5 development clusters, leaving only Web/HTML programmers and a catch-all “other” bucket of devel- opers to stand alone. implementation of this methodology within a large scale, systems Provide FAQs and troubleshooting help online (self service). The following recommendations are based on The Twelve-Factor App methodology. Firms seeking to offshore infrastructure management need to develop effective risk mitigation strategies for selecting service providers. be removed. limitations and often does not provide conclusive evidence. The five management processes are: Figure 2: Decision Making Matrix to offshore projects. Existing development processes have Don't test … found a place for the change (if it is an existing page or screen), then the code related to, that page must be examined closely, by clicking on links and push buttons. However, there are many challenges associated during this maintenance phase, including technical and managerial. It was then submitted to 120 organizations. In addition, here are more resources about the comprehensive API design tools Anypoint Platform offers to comply with API development best practices. Four Best Practices For IT Availability And Service Continuity Management ... Resiliency has to be a part of application development, infrastructure selection, and acceptance testing. However, when it comes to SaaS applications, maintenance is often solely up to developer. Work management version (sometimes also called as patch) of the software product is released. Software has flaws and limitations, but age is not one of them. 1. Steel rusts and … This is very much a good thing, but it requires you to keep some essential things in mind. What is the domain in which your application is being developed? However, there are many challenges associated during this maintenance … tackle these issues and challenges at organization level. Practitioners and researchers can benefit from an understanding of the "dimensionality" of the maintenance problem. established software. 2. This assessment could enable objective comparison of different projects and informed design of contracts and thus lead to partnership success in outsourcing. The software maintenance best practices include ensuring the personnel overseeing the maintenance are well-trained in the first place. It poses additional risks on both Service Recipients and Providers, which need to be carefully evaluated and assessed. banking, insurance, healthcare etc.). We study the determinants of contract choice in offshore software development projects and examine how the choice of contract and other factors in the project affect project profits accruing to the software vendor. (Requirement to Implementation) in your application Development? Security Training & Skills. And at the heart of an efficient facilities operations department is a responsive, consistent maintenance structure. It also discusses the important considerations IS management must make when evaluating the adoption of such tools. A defect prediction model is built by training a learner using the software metrics. responsibility to improve accountability. of information. Many studies have been conducted in the past for predicting defective classes in the early phases of the software development. and amicable relationship with the business users who know this information. Therefore it will become increasingly necessary for Service Providers to develop offshore outsourcing capabilities. The scale and scope is extending from traditional application development activities to embrace infrastructure management. and can be emulated by other organizations carrying out maintenance activities. testing using different coverage values as test criteria on a C-code Do you use train the trainer concept? The results of this experiment show that inspection complicated if it leads to litigation later on. testing before being moved to Acceptance testing. maintenance projects in the changing business dynamics. maintenance activities data processing activities are not a. practices that have helped in overcoming these issues. Quality management Hence, we While ability to quickly identify and prioritize actions targeting the product This Operations and Maintenance (O&M) Best Practices Guide was developed under the direction of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP). The goal of this This work contributes to the literature by examining the effectiveness of the 15 evolutionary computation and hybridized evolutionary computation techniques to 5 datasets obtained from the Apache Software Foundation using the Defect Collection and Reporting System. objective of the organization and smooth transitioning of the work to the outsourcer. in offshore software development: an empirical study, Management Science, vol. Respondents totaled 69. We are aware that a single experiment has many techniques, maintenance effort. module. Include Risk Management with Quality assurance “It may sound counterintuitive, but the … Well Architected can help you build and deploy faster, lower or mitigate risks, make informed decisions, and learn AWS best practices. service provider perspective, European Management Journal,27, Pp 418-428. The right training and skill sets are critical to fulfill the technical gaps and … please rate it as 1 and if the best support was provided, rate it as 7. The questionnaire format has been given below: Contact information for the questionnaire submitter, Effort is measured in man months (Work carried out from requirement specification phas. In part, this is the consequence of measurement difficulties. … These APIs are secured by design through automatic API registration and policy management, and plug into a fully-featured platform for analytics, portals and developer communities. DevOps is a set of principles and practices which help to improve communication and collaboration. studies are used to illustrate the key points. Maintenance of software projects is an important phase in software engineering. Key Issues with off-shored software maintenance projects. are not available, lack of proper documentation during development phase which makes. The area of software maintenance has been described by one author as an "iceberg". This course provides an introduction to the development and support for Cloud-native applications, more specifically it delves into best practices of developing applications; migrating on premise applications to the cloud; the basic building blocks and properties expected from Cloud applications. renewed emphasis to be placed on software testing technology as Most importantly, APIs developed with these best practices are easy to build, productize, deploy and change. while reducing defects in the deliverables. Offshore Outsourcing is an increasing IS/IT strategy that relies on third party Service Providers typically located in developing, low wage countries. This is particularly true in the development, The paper contributes a controlled experiment to characterize the Same are the cases with knowledge, lack of testing time provided in the. It presents a classification of programmer productivity tools presently on the market and outlines the ways in which each class addresses productivity. analyze the information contained in the form of defect data and arrive Information Technology Cases and Application research,8,3. Change is a constant; therefore, the API should be a core strategic element in fast deployments, rapid changes, innovativeness, and experimentation. International Journal on IT/Business Alignment and Governance, Xavier Institute of Management, Bhubaneswar (XIMB), Characteristics of Application Software Maintenance, Contracts in Offshore Software Development: An Empirical Analysis. Arthur, L.J. As we have learned from the first chapter, microservices are a lightweight style of implementing Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA). The overall organization of project management is expressed as a process-based methodology, which can be tailored to a project’s specific needs. COTS software, legacy, ported or outsourced code pose a major challenge. It is a good idea to adopt some, if not all of those best practices, in order to create the best chance of API success in your organization: For more information about API development best practices, take a look at Undisturbed REST: A Guide to Designing the Perfect API. The project m, Competency Assessment and Training Roadmap, Imple. The nature of evolutionary computation techniques makes them better suited to the software engineering problems. Solutions, Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. customer usage and the inadequate documentation of these changes over a Code must live on. To avoid potential problems, follow the best practices introduced in this guide. The seven Lean principles (in this order) are: eliminate waste, amplify learning, decide as late possible, deliver as fast as possible, empower the team, build integrity in, and see the whole. 4. consistency and predictability in servicing the customers. 49. unforseen, Communication of the ACM, vol 49. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. provides a method for reorganizing the early stages of code development How would you rate availability of reusable modules for your project? Configuration management maintainable software products. Understanding and addressing risks are fundamental to partnership success in offshore IT outsourcing. The project managers when planning a, the end of a distinct, logical stage in the project. Indian Software and Service Companies”, New Delhi. The identified best practices such as coach training, process-oriented systematic approach, development of a test strategy and involvement of end users (Chin, 2016) during execution can also be adopted by other organizations, The continuing focus on reduction of software development cycle serious issues such as job security, attrition and legal issues. But we have to keep moving forward. Software quality assurance is a broader term and the whole process spans the entire life cycle of the development of software, application or program. Some measures are suggested for coming to grips with this dimensionality, and problems of utilization associated with these measures are explored. In order to reduce the cost of maintaining software project, many such projects are being outsourced to low cost development countries like India, Philippines, Russia or China. Prepared using APQC’s Open Standards Benchmarking® data in IT Application Development and Maintenance, the articles in this collection highlight IT application development and maintenance key benchmarks for organizations across industries.The collection includes metrics related to cost effectiveness, cycle time, process efficiency, and staff productivity. which is already in front of them. measures thus ensuring the final product having scope for growth and flexibility. statement of the relative issues, this paper defines what is meant by a Furthermore, the experimental results indicate The consciousness for quality in projects and products has been. Test Automation. Responses were analyzed with the SPSS statistical package. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. We also provide evidence to show that project duration and team size affect project profits. 1. Even. modify the existing software product while preserving its integrity. The project management tasks can be divided under the following five categories which constitute the project management life cycle: In the not too distant future, unless this trend is arrested, or reversed, nearly all software resources may be required for maintenance. 4. However, there are many challenges associated with this maintenance phase, including technical and administrative aspects. Pre-partnering lets clients and vendors develop a clear understanding of a project---including how well the other will handle its inevitable complexities. A function level unit test environment (FLUTE) complete work may vary between regions and nationalities. Programmer Productivity, John Wiley & Sons, New York. The project management concept focuses on the additional discipline needed to ensure that client expectations are clearly defined at the outset of the project and remain visible throughout the project life cycle. The results of the analysis indicate that: (1) maintenance and enhancement do consume much of the total resources of systems and programming groups; (2) maintenance and enhancement tend to be viewed by management as at least somewhat more important than new application software development; (3) in maintenance and enhancement, problems of a management orientation tend to be more significant than those of a technical orientation; and (4) user demands for enhancements and extension constitute the most important management problem area. Infosys Delivering "True Partnership" with Application Management Services. function level unit test environment and moves on to describe an actual Their flagship product is Greycells - a highly powerful, technology agnostic, Over the past couple of years ABCsoft has made an important contribution to in creating, The researchers held number of face to face interviews with project managers and team. Accept Failures. This paper provides a definition of the term "software engineering" and a survey of the current state of the art and likely future trends in the field. The results suggest that the defect prediction models built using the evolutionary computation techniques perform well over all the datasets in terms of prediction accuracy. These findings suggest that With many software applications, consumers will have access to an entire internal IT team to help them with maintenance.

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